Gout was scientifically confirmed in 1865. The disease was described by Thomas Sendegum in his book A Treatise on Gout, in which he described the signs, symptoms and attacks of the disease he experienced for 30 years.
In the time of Hippocrates it was called "the disease of kings. "The causes are considered: excessive and indiscriminate consumption of food and alcohol.
Gout is a pathology associated with the deposition of salts in the joints and kidneys, and is characterized by severe pain in these areas. The progression of the disease leads to recurrent and increasing attacks, which leads to the formation of tophi. These are nodules that lead to a change in the shape of the joints. There is a consistent development of urolithiasis and renal failure.
Diagnostics is carried out in the form of collection of synovial fluid and detection of urates in it. X-rays of the affected joints are also taken. When relieving inflammation, normalizing nutrition, as well as lowering acid in the urine, it can lead to positive results in treatment.
The disease manifests itself more often in men after 40 years. Female pathologies are observed in the postmenstrual period. Joint damage occurs throughout the body, but most often on the legs.
The main causes of gout:
The development of gout depends on metabolic disorders in the body. For treatment, diet is an effective way. Good nutrition should be monitored daily. The main principle of the gout diet is to reduce blood salts. With an excess of it, the kidneys will not be able to work on their own. Failure to follow a diet can lead to relapses. A pain attack can begin at any time. This often happens at night. If you do not follow a diet, the disease can progress and spread to all joints.
Treatment should take place at home. It includes adherence to a balanced diet. This is considered a basic and effective method. The menu is compiled by the attending physician, who takes into account the individual characteristics of the patient. Diet is essential to lower uric acid levels.
Purines should not be included in the composition of foods on a gout diet, they contribute to the accumulation of acids. Purines are found in meat and fatty foods. Therefore, people with gout are advised to consume more vegetarian meals. The recipes do not include expensive ingredients, and the cooking technique is not complicated. But it is important to combine only permitted foods.
Nutritional therapy can help treat gout symptoms at home.
Eating fatty and spicy foods leads to an attack associated with an increase in uric acid and severe pain quickly enough. For example, drinking too much coffee that contains high amounts of purine can trigger a relapse. High-risk foods include alcohol, beer, sodas, and even grapes. They are completely excluded from the diet of the sick person.
For the rapid removal of purines from the body, the patient is prescribed an abundant drinking regimen. The amount of liquid drunk per day reaches 2. 5 liters. In the case of urolithiasis, water with alkali and sodium bicarbonate is required. It is possible to achieve neutralization of urine with an excess of plant proteins and citrus fruits in food.
The gout diet should be monitored at all times. Since the treatment is carried out at home, the person suffering from the disease must have willpower and not violate the developed menu. Based on the patient's condition, an individual menu is created with permitted and prohibited products. Dishes can be delicious and varied despite their simplicity. The diet for gout on the legs does not have very strict restrictions, but must satisfy the sick body and promote a healthy lifestyle.
Diet Errors in Disease:
On a gout diet, the patient, in addition to the main treatment, needs to know about permitted and prohibited foods. It is impossible to cure this ailment or eliminate symptoms without following the rules in nutrition.
Pay attention!The above products should not be consumed or added to the patient's food!
At first glance, the gout menu may seem boring and tasteless. In fact, this is not the case.
There is a list of products allowed for consumption without risk to health:
You can also vary the diet with seeds and nuts:
Peanuts are high in purine and should therefore be eliminated from the diet.
This is interesting!There was a debate among scientists about the use of tomatoes in the patient's diet. After all, they contain trace amounts of oxalic acid. It turned out that the red vegetable is harmless, but on the contrary is useful due to antioxidants and phytoncides. They eliminate the inflammation that is common with gout. It follows that tomatoes can be eaten with gout in any quantity.
Most popular foods have contraindications for gout dieting. Due to chronic pathology, you can and should get used to lean dishes, because they are aimed at alleviating symptoms and significantly reducing pain. The diet must be followed at all times. Since one cup of coffee or grapes can cause a pain attack.
In the period of exacerbation of gout, medication is used with adherence to a diet. Bed rest is also required. All this stops inflammatory processes. When preparing meals for the patient, it is better to keep a table with permitted and prohibited foods in a conspicuous place.
Limit meat and fish consumption to twice a week. On the recommendation of doctors, fish should be eaten with gills and scales. These fish by-products are excellent at removing toxins from the body. In the event of an attack of pain, the use of these products is postponed for a couple of weeks.
Semi-finished products and canned foods are categorically contraindicated. Diet No. 6 forbids the use of broths. After all, soups and borscht are prepared on their basis. The fact is that this exception is quite justified, due to the addition of various spices and seasonings that can provoke an attack. It will be correct to cook the meat separately, and use the broth from under the vegetables as a broth. During the cooking process, the water is drained and changed several times. This reduces concentration and flushes purines out of the composition.
The disease cannot be cured, especially if the pathology proceeds along with diabetes or obesity. To reduce relapses and exacerbations with gout, a special diet is used - table number 6.
The gout diet can be followed all the time, although the menu is designed for a week. The diet is developed by the attending physician.
There may be several options for such a diet, which do not differ much from each other. The process uses conventional cooking technology.
This is a rough menu with no prohibited foods for people with gout. A balanced and complete diet allows you to use it for a long time. To achieve a greater effect, it is necessary to carry out fasting days.
Review of the professor of the Department of Gastroenterology and Dietetics is as follows. If drug treatment is ineffective, diet for gout is the main treatment.
The severity of the process affects the nutritional approaches in the treatment of patients, namely:
In the diet, the amount of purine, fats, proteins, sodium salts and alcohol should be reduced to a minimum.
Eating a diet will quickly reduce plasma uric acid and restore normal levels. Effective and healing effect based on natural ingredients.